The German surname of SENFT is generally referred to as an occupational name for a dealer in mustard, or a nickname for someone with a fiery temper. The name was derived from the Old German word SENEF, and rendered in ancient documents in the Latin form SINAPI. The name may also have applied to a spicer, which was an important occupation in the middle Ages.
I benutze Senf um die Soße meines Salates zu machen.
|I use mustard to make the dressing of my salad.|
|Französischer Senf||French mustard|
|Englischer Senf||English mustard|
|grober Senf||wholegrain mustard|
|dein Senf||your mustard|
The nobles and wealthy churchmen spent considerable money on mustard, aniseed, cinnamon, caraway, coriander and pepper to enable the cooks to spice meat which tended to spoil quickly in the absence of modern refrigeration. Vinegared foods and fermented foods like sauerkraut would keep many a family alive.
Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, household or community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. Names like Bauer, Cooper, Scharschmidt, Becker, Zimmerman or Fischer. This site offers more on this subject.
As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions by the addition of another letter, especially the needed vowels. Other spellings of the name include SEMPF, SENFF, SENIFT, SANIFT, SENFTEBER, SENFTEBEN, SANFTLEBEN, ZENFTMAN and ZENTMAN. After recovering the data from a yr. 2000 Family Tree Maker I found some 3,500 unrelated souls. In that Maternal list Schinnagl had Schinagl’s and Schoenberger’s became Schoenenbergers. Schoen was an even older name version.
Little known was how massive the number of immigrants was. Between 1850 and 1857 alone more than 4 million Germans arrived through the ports of Baltimore, Boston, New Orleans, New York and Philadelphia. Germans also settled in Texas, Mexico and Argentina. Many came from the Ukraine and Russia after relations there went south and the Dakota’s reminded them of their former home. Another article someday. Of course many Rhinelander’s and Hessian s were also recruited to serve in the Revolutionary war and latter would fight in the Indian wars, explaining the large populations in Ohio and Pennsylvania. This census map explains much. Slow loading!
In order to better fit in Germans transformed their names by dropping or adding a single letter – preferably a vowel.* Many re-spelt their names like one would trade in an old shoe. In one of my records one family changed their name with every generation. The SENFT became SENIFT and then Sanift. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania, the Dakota’s and Texas. World War 1 encouraged many Germans to Americanize their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Some changed back, and with World War II, the name changing started all over again, although not so intensely. I never heard if the Senft name ever evolved in Texas, Mexico or Argentina. Perhaps I should look for mostaza‘s
With that I put my mustardy SENFT on it!
*Just recently, a CZECH waiting behind me at the grocery checkout complemented me on having such a vowel free name. It made my day!
Two further edits: My father Ernest Senft had two brothers, Willi and Pepp. Pepp is another nickname for Pepper. The name comes from Middle English peper, piper, Middle Low German peper ‘pepper’, another occupational name for a spicer; alternatively, it may be a nickname for a small man (as if the size of a peppercorn) … Mustard & Pepper, how funny is that!
Actually that nickname also became part of the European method of adopting or splicing names based upon either:
- Patronymic Surnames – These last names are based on a parent’s name such as – ALBERTSSON – son of Albert)
- Occupational Surnames – These surnames are based on the person’s job or trade. The Smith, Schmidt, Scharschmidt, Armburster, Baumgartner, Baker,Cartwright, Wheeler or Fisher or say Hall,’given to one who either lived in or worked in a hall’ (the house of a medieval noble).
- Descriptive Surnames – I like these the best.These would be based on a unique quality of the individual. Knicknames so to speak regarding temperament or of their physical appearance. These were common in the medieval times, but most have been upgraded to more modern surnames. Who would want to be called ‘Peter the short.’ Short, Brown, Whitehead. Or worse: Mizerak (Polish) meaning, starveling, weakling or miserable creature. Toro, I like. Quisling Not. ‘Tall’ might have been a sarcastic one.
- Geographical or Physical Surnames – These surnames are based on a person’s residence, like the Schoenbergers, People near a beautiful mountain, or ‘Morgenstern’ which I still interpret related to the ‘Morning Star’ a weapon, not the wussed up planet Venus. Some namings were based upon former places or residence (Maria Romano – Mary from Rome) Jack London, Frankfurter, etc.
- For myself i prefer botanical names. Bean, Honeysuckle, Fern, Eglantine, Darnell, Willow or anything Latin like Cicero
(C) Herb Senft